Por Sara Más

La fuerza de la tradición, historias familiares mezcladas con maltrato y los estereotipos sexistas parecen estar detrás de no pocas conductas de los hombres que actúan violentamente contra las mujeres, según indican varios estudios parciales y la práctica cotidiana en esta nación caribeña.
Especialistas y expertos sostienen que todo acto de violencia implica una relación de dominio y subordinación, basada en un desequilibrio de poder. La que se ejerce contra las mujeres, también llamada violencia de género, “está ligada al poder masculino a escala social, en virtud del patriarcado como sistema de dominación”, asegura Clotilde Proveyer, profesora de la Universidad de La Habana.
“La cultura patriarcal, como construcción social del patriarcado, continúa marcando de manera desigual e inequitativa las relaciones entre los géneros, lo que determina, en esencia, que perviva la dominación masculina a escala social”, asegura Proveyer en su artículo “Nombrar lo innombrable: la violencia sutil en la relaciones de pareja”.
Por Sara Más

Las creencias y prejuicios establecidos por el tiempo y aún vigentes en la actualidad no sólo mediatizan una comprensión realista y abarcadora del fenómeno de la violencia, sino que, a veces, la naturalizan y legitiman.
“En Cuba hay pocos esposos que agreden a las mujeres, hemos eliminado esos rasgos del pasado”, aseguró a SEMlac un joven de 28 años, técnico medio y trabajador estatal, residente en La Habana.
Lunes, 23 Abril 2007 00:00

Nosotras, las viejas

Por Ilse Bulit

Numerosos humoristas han ganado el pan con los chistes gráficos u orales en los que las mujeres inventan estratagemas para ocultar la edad.
Y es cierto el descalabro matemático de algunas al contabilizar sus años y meses de nacidas, en especial, en aquellos escalones sociales donde la juventud y la belleza son las cartas de triunfo y en las que, consciente o inconscientemente, concentran la altura de su autoestima en la piel hacia el exterior.
Viernes, 09 Febrero 2007 00:00

Ver más allá de los golpes

Sara Más

Aunque no faltan quienes identifican formas muy sutiles de violencia en su vida diaria, en Cuba muchas personas la siguen asociando, únicamente o en primer lugar, con acciones físicas muy evidentes, lo mismo dentro que fuera del hogar.
Por Dixie Edith

Aunque las leyes en Cuba consideran como agravante, en caso de maltrato, la existencia de parentesco entre la víctima y el agresor, cada vez más especialistas son partidarios de una legislación específica para enfrentar la violencia doméstica.
Según la definición aprobada por la Organización de Naciones Unidas (ONU), en 1994, en Beijing, se considera violencia contra las mujeres cualquier acto de ese tipo basado en su condición de género, que tiene como resultado posible o real un daño físico, sexual o psicológico.
Miércoles, 08 Noviembre 2006 00:00

El “roce” de una madre

Por Dalia Acosta / Foto: Carmona

Han pasado más de 30 años del último día en que su madre le puso la mano encima. Carlos ya no se parece al adolescente rebelde que era entonces, se pasa la vida buscando amor, pero no soporta el simple roce de las manos de su madre.
Lunes, 09 Junio 2008 00:00

Sexual diversity and the media

By Dixie Edith

After listing the qualities of a workmate, a man on a television spot says: He has a different sexual orientation, but that does not matter. And immediately afterwards, he asks viewers: Does it matter to you? Broadcast in the evening over Cubavisión, a national TV channel, this and other messages in the form of cartoons, where same-sex couples appear, have raised the issue of sexual diversity in the island. "When I saw it for the first time, I thought I had misunderstood it", said Rolando Domínguez, a 21-year-old art student. "I had heard a lot about Strawberry and Chocolate and the impact of this film when it was premiered. I was very young at the time, he told SEMlac. There came The hidden side of the moon. There were many loose ends in this television soap opera", he stressed. "The good thing about the spot is that it raises the issue, gives food for thought, and urges to take action", he emphasized. These messages and other communication actions have a lot to do with HIV/AIDS prevention work, indicated Raúl Regueiro, coordinator of the Men Having Sex with Men (MSM) Project, at the National Prevention Center for STIs, HIV and AIDS.
Lunes, 09 Junio 2008 00:00

The makers of perfect husbands

By Ilse Bulit

I am listening to the radio. It is just another interview with an imperfect woman speaking about her perfect husband. She can not over-praise him enough: "He helps me a lot. I was able to complete my university studies thanks to him. He takes our son to the day-care center. He cooks better than I do". A few accidental, skin-deep examples show how easily the chain breaks. I do not question the existence of men who really believe they are responsible for supporting their families. I am not in doubt either about the fact that younger generations have a better understanding of this than their predecessors. I would like to think that these behavioral changes flow like a powerful waterfall rather than like a drought-stricken river with a dropping volume of running water. When I asked a reporter about her long list of interviews, in which most women did not speak honestly about their couple relations, she answered me that her guests were afraid of causing a row and annoying their husbands if they revealed the truth.
There is no doubt: The impact of double standards, which have for centuries provided a pretext for hypocrisy, is no trivial matter.
Lunes, 10 Marzo 2008 00:00

Cuba: Domestic violence

By Raquel Sierra

A couple is at home. They begin to talk, then to argue and finally resort to physical aggression. Lidia and Gonzalo decided to get married after a two-year betrothal. Despite ups and downs, they had children and shared frustrations and happy moments. She initially believed her husband when he told her: “It will not happen again”. As physical violence continued, she often experienced fear, had to move to her sister’s and threatened him to get divorced. Under these conditions, conflicts can arise any time, Lidia told WNS. Violence provides “some relief” to contradictions over marriage, experts indicated.
Jueves, 21 Febrero 2008 00:00

When love dies

By Sara Más
Magdalena Benítez does not know when her marriage moved from sweet love to bitterness. It was "hell" in the last five years, she said. Benítez is a university graduate living in Havana. "It was really difficult for me to make the decision to divorce and start all over again", she added. "You get used to everything. One good day you realize that being shouted at or ignored means absolutely the same thing to you," she stressed. Hers is a common, apparently normal story. She fell passionately in love at 25, married at 28, and had her first son at 29 and the second one at 31. "I initially thought my mother-in-law was causing all our conflicts. She always wanted to give her opinion and decide on our lives. But we later moved out and began living alone (my husband, my children and me, and the situation did not get better, but worse", she told WNS. After her eight-hour shift at a shop, she got back home to bathe the children, help them do their homework, prepare dinner and snack and uniforms for the next day, arrange and clean the house, and wash the dishes before going to bed. "My husband always came back home very late at night because of his work. He gradually feigned ignorance of everything in the house, including myself, I believe. I realized we never talked to each other. I became invisible to him. That is the way I felt", she commented. "He never hit me or yelled at me. Disdain, silence and ignorance sometimes affect you more. We stopped speaking the same language", she recalled.
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